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140万充电桩间隙!四个部委要出具文件,满足居民区一车一堆新浪财经的需求。_高鹰生殖中心

来源: 新华社
06:02:52

哈尔滨140万充电桩间隙!四个部委要出具文件,满足居民区一车一堆新浪财经的需求。

席德梅尔的海盗2

    140万充电桩间隙!四部委发布了《居住区内“一车一堆”的需要》。国家发改委网站12月10日发布通知,国家发改委、能源局、工业和信息化部、财政部近日联合发布了《行动纲领通知》。n用于提高新能源汽车的充电保证能力”(以下称为“通知”)。汽车充电桩的发展势在必行。《通知》提出了六项重点任务和三项保障措施,旨在提高充电技术水平,提高充电设施的质量,并在三年内显著提高充电网络的互联互通性。住宅区千方百计满足“一车一堆”的电力需求。据公安部网站数据,截至今年上半年,中国新能源汽车数量已达到199万辆。目前,中国已建成600000多个充电桩。因此,根据“一车一桩”的要求,目前我国存在140万个充电桩空隙。提高新能源汽车充电保障能力的行动计划全文如下:提高新能源汽车充电保障能力的行动计划;我国新能源汽车正处于市场化发展的关键时期;基础设施是新能源汽车推广应用的重要基础之一。近年来,在党中央、国务院的正确领导下,在有关各方的大力支持下,我国充电基础设施发展迅速,建成了60多万个充电桩,为国家提供了配套的能源保障。新能源汽车能源工程在能源供应侧体制改革和大气污染防治中发挥着重要作用。功能。目前,我国新能源汽车和充电设施仍处于发展过程中,尤其是充电基础设施建设仍面临登陆难、运行效率低等问题,这仍然是制约其发展的缺点之一。新能源汽车,以及新能源汽车的充电保障能力亟待提高。为加快充电基础设施的规划和建设,全面提高新能源汽车的充电支持能力,促进《电动汽车充电基础设施发展导则》(2015-2020)的实施。国务院办公厅关于加快电动汽车充电基础设施建设的指导方针(国家行政部门发布第73号[2015])特制定本行动计划。1。总要求:深入贯彻新时期的西金平中国特色社会主义思想,贯彻党中央、国务院关于加快发展新能源汽车的决策部署新能源汽车的推广应用,旨在提升充电保障能力,展览将为新能源汽车的发展提供坚实的能源保障,并为新能源汽车的使用提供更有效便捷的充电服务。相对标准偏差为2。目标:努力提高充电技术,提高充电设施产品质量,加快完善充电标准体系,优化充电设施布局,显著提高充电网络互联能力,快速提升服务水平。充电运行质量,进一步优化充电基础设施。发展环境与产业结构。三。提高充电设备的技术质量,加强充电技术的研究,开发充电设备产品,满足充电可靠性要求,推广智能充电设备,实现轻量化。g连接,探索无线充电模式,提高用户充电体验,满足新能源汽车不同场景的充电要求。充分发挥车辆、蓄电池、充电设备生产及设施运营等企业的主体作用,加快技术创新,加强质量控制,促进充电技术的创新开发和应用,确保充电均衡。产品质量好,环境友好,使用方便,安全可靠。严格执行充电接口和通信协议标准,加强跨行业合作,跟踪先进充电技术的发展,加快大功率充电、无线充电、智能充电等技术的研究开发。共同提高电动汽车充电保障能力。(2)提高充电设施的运行效率。收费设施企业应全面提升设施运行维护水平,加强管理和资源保障,购买标准收费设备,系统地检查现有设施和设备的运行状况,确保运行。安全,积极积极主动激活“僵尸堆”,整合服务场景。科学配置车辆桩的比例,有效提高充电设施的利用效率和服务能力。我们将继续探索电动车转换模式在出租车、租车等特定领域的应用。(3)优化收费设施规划布局。地方能源主管部门要率先与有关方面合作,加强协调,形成联合力量。根据中长期新能源汽车的数量、区域分布和类型结构,总结新能源汽车的停车收费规律,分析充电需求情景,优化配桩。及时制定专项收费设施建设规划,纳入城乡统筹规划,指导收费设施科学合理布局,努力解决旧居住区和公共场所收费桩的施工问题。城市中心区的充电设施,填补了充电网络的短板,有效缓解了充电设施和车辆充电利用率低的问题。电力不方便的矛盾。进一步明确和完善基础设施收费的土地利用政策,确保公交车、出租车、物流车、分时租车、共用车等新能源车辆收费设施建设用地,以及其他新能源专用收费场所。RGY车辆具有明确的需求,从而提高充电保障能力。针对旧居住区难以增加电量、有充电需求的情况,应在周边地区合理范围内科学规划公共充电设施建设用地。企业事业单位停车场要按需建设收费设施,商业区和旅游区停车场要因地制宜建设收费设施。深入挖掘城市停车空间,加强停车场规划与收费设施规划的联系,支持停车场一体化建设收费设施,鼓励分散的城市停车收费设施委托停车管理。单位或强大的收费服务企业通过零散的方式。建模或操作建模。进一步落实简化规划审批要求,着力加快居民自有停车场、停车位、企事业单位现有停车位、城市公共停车位经营单位的建设。建立和完善建设用地收费设施及相关管理标准和规范,明确场地、建设者和经营者的职责和管理措施。(4)加强充电设施的供电保障,将充电设施的供电接入作为发展新能源汽车基础设施和配套设施的综合考虑。对充电规律、充电容量和用户使用情况进行了系统研究和预测。将设施供电纳入配电网专项规划,确保供电容量满足需求并具有包容性。根据有关专项规划,电网企业要搞好支持电网的基础设施建设和改造,合理建设充电设施接入系统工程,并将相关费用纳入输配电范围。电网价格。各供电企业应当进一步规范电报的接收、组装过程,落实开通绿色通道、限时完工的要求,为充电设施的建设提供便捷高效的服务。加强住宅小区收费设施的接入服务。新建住宅区应统一铺设固定停车位(或预留敷设条件)的供电线路,并预留电能。充分安排现有住宅停车位安装充电桩及供电现状,研究探索公用电网对物业管理停车位的直接供电模式,促进电动汽车智能化、有序充电;针对老住宅区电力容量不足的问题,引导电动汽车低谷充电,发挥现有电网设备的优势。凭借潜力,我们将竭尽全力满足“一车一桩”电力连接的需求。保证公交车、租赁、物流、卫生等专用收费设施的电力需求。根据特种电动汽车的发展,应提前做好配电网规划,保证红线外充电设施的投资,实现辅助电网建设的同步建设和联接。离子项目和充电设施,并服务于电动汽车在特殊领域的大规模应用。(5)促进收费设施的互联,着力提高收费互联水平,加快收费基础设施信息互联网络的建设和完善,有效解决用户收费难等问题。查堆、难接、难结算,为收费用户提供更好的收费服务保证,促进科学健康的产业。康发展。推进国家计费基础设施信息服务平台和国家新能源汽车监管平台的协调发展。研究建立数据共享机制,实现新能源汽车充电的可追溯管理,实现充电行为数据的可追溯、节能减排数据的计算、堆信息数据的统计。推进国家信息平台与重点城市信息平台和企业平台的互联,逐步形成收费设施信息服务网络。各收费设施运营企业要提高信息化水平,为用户提供收费服务信息,准确提供收费设施状态信息,加强支付结算、运营维护的信息管理;设备充电安全。鼓励汽车企业优化新能源汽车运行监控平台,并与充电设施运行、旅行社等企业实现信息互联互通。(6)完善收费设施标准体系,进行标准的顶层设计和系统规划,发挥标准技术在引导和规范收费设施市场、促进新能源的协调统一中的作用。Y车辆及充电设施行业标准。加快充电标准化进程,建立有效的国家标准、行业标准、集团标准配套充电标准体系,满足充电技术发展的需要。随着新技术、新技术、新材料的发展,导电充电和无线充电的标准体系不断完善。提高产品质量要求,完善充电设施关键部件、材料和工艺组的标准,制定高温高湿沿海地区和低温寒冷地区充电设施的保护标准。制定客车大功率充电技术标准,开展客车大功率充电技术的研究开发及标准前期研究工作,制定客车无线充电互操作性标准,开展试验研究工作。F无线充电互操作性,并研究交流大电流充电标准。本文研究了电动汽车、充电设施与电网相互作用的标准体系,结合有序充电、充电需求侧管理和微电网充放电示范,加快了电网相互作用标准的制定。试点项目。继续开展收费互操作性测试活动,提高相关实验室的测试能力。加强充电信息安全标准建设,完善充电设施和新能源汽车充电信息安全检测评价标准。完善互联标准,制定计费设施-计费服务平台、计费服务平台-车辆平台通信协议标准,满足国家和市级信息平台建设的需要,以及个人桩共享、即插即用等。强烈的商业需求。积极开展电动汽车充电设施的国际标准化工作,参与制定国际充电标准。促进我国收费标准的国际化,提高中国在国际标准中的地位,促进服务业企业走出去。4。保障措施:(1)积极鼓励商业模式创新,进一步加大对收费设施运营模式创新的支持。鼓励公、私、专用充电服务领域商业模式的创新,建立商业模式的创新示范项目,为电动汽车使用提供更好的充电服务经验和全面的增值服务。以促进健康、可持续的商业生态环境的形成。鼓励车辆、收费设施运营服务、旅行社等企业合作,促进收费服务的专业发展。通过建筑桩、电力市场、停车位经营、车辆租赁、广告服务、大数据应用、电动汽车充放电等多种方式增加经营收入。探索电动汽车销售、租赁、维修等服务市场,探索公交车、租赁、卫生、物流、分时租赁、联网、共享、通勤、旅游巴士等特殊收费领域的创新经营模式。鼓励收费站与商业地产相结合的发展模式,提高商场、超市、电影院、便利店、旅游景点等公共区域的收费服务水平。(二)继续加大政策扶持力度,协调有关部门工作,系统地解决工程建设用地、用电、分配建设储备、燃油车占用、经营利润难等共同问题。鼓励地方政府充分发挥“十五”中央财政收费基础设施奖惩政策的作用,促进全车行业与收费设施建设运营行业的合作,调动社会资本。热忱,并为私人用户提供打桩充电保护。引导地方财政补贴从补充性采购向补充性经营转变,逐步转变地方财政补贴以支持收费基础设施建设和运营、新能源汽车使用运营等环节。支持采用“互联网”等方式,加强对补贴性收费设施事后评估的监督,确保相关收费设施符合国家相关标准,发挥实际作用。电网公司应当按照规定实施现行的优惠关税政策。有条件的收费设施通过安装校验表,可以满足电费扣除的需求,促进电价标准化和公平竞争。加强高峰谷电价的实施,引导收费基础设施参与调峰填谷,降低用电成本。智能电网和智能网络汽车技术被用来鼓励新能源汽车提供储能服务,并通过峰谷差获得效益。指导和鼓励发展收费设施财产保险和产品责任保险,保护消费者的权益。加强技术储备,开展电动汽车充放电试点工程,探索分布式发电、储能与电动汽车充放电技术的结合,促进清洁能源吸收。(3)充分发挥行业协会的作用,充分发挥中国计费联盟等行业组织的作用,积极推动计费设施产业向规模化、标准化和多元化方向发展,促进创新。提高质量和效率。通过自愿产品检测认证、行业白名单制定等工作,配合政府部门严格控制产品准入和事后监督,指导充电技术进步,提高充电设施的质量和服务水平。加强企业社会责任和行业自律。推进国家计费基础设施信息服务平台建设,加快与全国新能源汽车监管平台的信息互联。陈鹤群,《每日经济新闻》综合开发改革委员会网站主编、观察网负责人

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guo cun zai 140 wan ge chong dian zhuang kong xi. ti gao xin neng yuan qi che chong dian bao zhang neng li de xing dong ji hua quan wen ru xia: ti gao xin neng yuan qi che chong dian bao zhang neng li de xing dong ji hua wo guo xin neng yuan qi che zheng chu yu shi chang hua fa zhan de guan jian shi qi ji chu she shi shi xin neng yuan qi che tui guang ying yong de zhong yao ji chu zhi yi. jin nian lai, zai dang zhong yang guo wu yuan de zheng que ling dao xia, zai you guan ge fang de da li zhi chi xia, wo guo chong dian ji chu she shi fa zhan xun su, jian cheng le 60 duo wan ge chong dian zhuang, wei guo jia ti gong le pei tao de neng yuan bao zhang. xin neng yuan qi che neng yuan gong cheng zai neng yuan gong ying ce ti zhi gai ge he da qi wu ran fang zhi zhong fa hui zhuo zhong yao zuo yong. gong neng. mu qian, wo guo xin neng yuan qi che he chong dian she shi reng chu yu fa zhan guo cheng zhong, you qi shi chong dian ji chu she shi jian she reng mian lin deng lu nan yun xing xiao lv di deng wen ti, zhe reng ran shi zhi yue qi fa zhan de que dian zhi yi. xin neng yuan qi che, yi ji xin neng yuan qi che de chong dian bao zhang neng li ji dai ti gao. wei jia kuai chong dian ji chu she shi de gui hua he jian she, quan mian ti gao xin neng yuan qi che de chong dian zhi chi neng li, cu jin dian dong qi che chong dian ji chu she shi fa zhan dao ze 20152020 de shi shi. guo wu yuan ban gong ting guan yu jia kuai dian dong qi che chong dian ji chu she shi jian she de zhi dao fang zhen guo jia xing zheng bu men fa bu di 73 hao 2015 te zhi ding ben hang dong ji hua. 1. zong yao qiu: shen ru guan che xin shi qi de xi jin ping zhong guo te se she hui zhu yi si xiang, guan che dang zhong yang guo wu yuan guan yu jia kuai fa zhan xin neng yuan qi che de jue ce bu shu xin neng yuan qi che de tui guang ying yong, zhi zai ti sheng chong dian bao zhang neng li, zhan lan jiang wei xin neng yuan qi che de fa zhan ti gong jian shi de neng yuan bao zhang, bing wei xin neng yuan qi che de shi yong ti gong geng you xiao bian jie de chong dian fu wu. xiang dui biao zhun pian cha wei 2. mu biao: nu li ti gao chong dian ji shu, ti gao chong dian she shi chan pin zhi liang, jia kuai wan shan chong dian biao zhun ti xi, you hua chong dian she shi bu ju, xian zhu ti gao chong dian wang luo hu lian neng li, kuai su ti sheng fu wu shui ping. chong dian yun xing zhi liang, jin yi bu you hua chong dian ji chu she shi. fa zhan huan jing yu chan ye jie gou. san. ti gao chong dian she bei de ji shu zhi liang, jia qiang chong dian ji shu de yan jiu, kai fa chong dian she bei chan pin, man zu chong dian ke kao xing yao qiu, tui guang zhi neng chong dian she bei, shi xian qing liang hua. g lian jie, tan suo wu xian chong dian mo shi, ti gao yong hu chong dian ti yan, man zu xin neng yuan qi che bu tong chang jing de chong dian yao qiu. chong fen fa hui che liang xu dian chi chong dian she bei sheng chan ji she shi yun ying deng qi ye de zhu ti zuo yong, jia kuai ji shu chuang xin, jia qiang zhi liang kong zhi, cu jin chong dian ji shu de chuang xin kai fa he ying yong, que bao chong dian jun heng. chan pin zhi liang hao, huan jing you hao, shi yong fang bian, an quan ke kao. yan ge zhi xing chong dian jie kou he tong xin xie yi biao zhun, jia qiang kua hang ye he zuo, gen zong xian jin chong dian ji shu de fa zhan, jia kuai da gong lv chong dian wu xian chong dian zhi neng chong dian deng ji shu de yan jiu kai fa. gong tong ti gao dian dong qi che chong dian bao zhang neng li. 2 ti gao chong dian she shi de yun xing xiao lv. shou fei she shi qi ye ying quan mian ti sheng she shi yun xing wei hu shui ping, jia qiang guan li he zi yuan bao zhang, gou mai biao zhun shou fei she bei, xi tong di jian cha xian you she shi he she bei de yun xing zhuang kuang, que bao yun xing. an quan, ji ji ji ji zhu dong ji huo" jiang shi dui", zheng he fu wu chang jing. ke xue pei zhi che liang zhuang de bi li, you xiao ti gao chong dian she shi de li yong xiao lv he fu wu neng li. wo men jiang ji xu tan suo dian dong che zhuan huan mo shi zai chu zu che zu che deng te ding ling yu de ying yong. 3 you hua shou fei she shi gui hua bu ju. di fang neng yuan zhu guan bu men yao shuai xian yu you guan fang mian he zuo, jia qiang xie tiao, xing cheng lian he li liang. gen ju zhong chang qi xin neng yuan qi che de shu liang qu yu fen bu he lei xing jie gou, zong jie xin neng yuan qi che de ting che shou fei gui lv, fen xi chong dian xu qiu qing jing, you hua pei zhuang. ji shi zhi ding zhuan xiang shou fei she shi jian she gui hua, na ru cheng xiang tong chou gui hua, zhi dao shou fei she shi ke xue he li bu ju, nu li jie jue jiu ju zhu qu he gong gong chang suo shou fei zhuang de shi gong wen ti. cheng shi zhong xin qu de chong dian she shi, tian bu le chong dian wang luo de duan ban, you xiao huan jie le chong dian she shi he che liang chong dian li yong lv di de wen ti. dian li bu fang bian de mao dun. jin yi bu ming que he wan shan ji chu she shi shou fei de tu di li yong zheng ce, que bao gong jiao che chu zu che wu liu che fen shi zu che gong yong che deng xin neng yuan che liang shou fei she shi jian she yong di, yi ji qi ta xin neng yuan zhuan yong shou fei chang suo. RGY che liang ju you ming que de xu qiu, cong er ti gao chong dian bao zhang neng li. zhen dui jiu ju zhu qu nan yi zeng jia dian liang you chong dian xu qiu de qing kuang, ying zai zhou bian di qu he li fan wei nei ke xue gui hua gong gong chong dian she shi jian she yong di. qi ye shi ye dan wei ting che chang yao an xu jian she shou fei she shi, shang ye qu he lv you qu ting che chang yao yin di zhi yi jian she shou fei she shi. shen ru wa jue cheng shi ting che kong jian, jia qiang ting che chang gui hua yu shou fei she shi gui hua de lian xi, zhi chi ting che chang yi ti hua jian she shou fei she shi, gu li fen san de cheng shi ting che shou fei she shi wei tuo ting che guan li. dan wei huo qiang da de shou fei fu wu qi ye tong guo ling san de fang shi. jian mo huo cao zuo jian mo. jin yi bu luo shi jian hua gui hua shen pi yao qiu, zhuo li jia kuai ju min zi you ting che chang ting che wei qi shi ye dan wei xian you ting che wei cheng shi gong gong ting che wei jing ying dan wei de jian she. jian li he wan shan jian she yong di shou fei she shi ji xiang guan guan li biao zhun he gui fan, ming que chang di jian she zhe he jing ying zhe de zhi ze he guan li cuo shi. 4 jia qiang chong dian she shi de gong dian bao zhang, jiang chong dian she shi de gong dian jie ru zuo wei fa zhan xin neng yuan qi che ji chu she shi he pei tao she shi de zong he kao lv. dui chong dian gui lv chong dian rong liang he yong hu shi yong qing kuang jin xing le xi tong yan jiu he yu ce. jiang she shi gong dian na ru pei dian wang zhuan xiang gui hua, que bao gong dian rong liang man zu xu qiu bing ju you bao rong xing. gen ju you guan zhuan xiang gui hua, dian wang qi ye yao gao hao zhi chi dian wang de ji chu she shi jian she he gai zao, he li jian she chong dian she shi jie ru xi tong gong cheng, bing jiang xiang guan fei yong na ru shu pei dian fan wei. dian wang jia ge. ge gong dian qi ye ying dang jin yi bu gui fan dian bao de jie shou zu zhuang guo cheng, luo shi kai tong lv se tong dao xian shi wan gong de yao qiu, wei chong dian she shi de jian she ti gong bian jie gao xiao de fu wu. jia qiang zhu zhai xiao qu shou fei she shi de jie ru fu wu. xin jian zhu zhai qu ying tong yi pu she gu ding ting che wei huo yu liu fu she tiao jian de gong dian xian lu, bing yu liu dian neng. chong fen an pai xian you zhu zhai ting che wei an zhuang chong dian zhuang ji gong dian xian zhuang, yan jiu tan suo gong yong dian wang dui wu ye guan li ting che wei de zhi jie gong dian mo shi, cu jin dian dong qi che zhi neng hua you xu chong dian zhen dui lao zhu zhai qu dian li rong liang bu zu de wen ti, yin dao dian dong qi che di gu chong dian, fa hui xian you dian wang she bei de you shi. ping jie qian li, wo men jiang jie jin quan li man zu" yi che yi zhuang" dian li lian jie de xu qiu. bao zheng gong jiao che zu lin wu liu wei sheng deng zhuan yong shou fei she shi de dian li xu qiu. gen ju te zhong dian dong qi che de fa zhan, ying ti qian zuo hao pei dian wang gui hua, bao zheng hong xian wai chong dian she shi de tou zi, shi xian fu zhu dian wang jian she de tong bu jian she he lian jie. li zi xiang mu he chong dian she shi, bing fu wu yu dian dong qi che zai te shu ling yu de da gui mo ying yong. 5 cu jin shou fei she shi de hu lian, zhuo li ti gao shou fei hu lian shui ping, jia kuai shou fei ji chu she shi xin xi hu lian wang luo de jian she he wan shan, you xiao jie jue yong hu shou fei nan deng wen ti. cha dui nan jie nan jie suan, wei shou fei yong hu ti gong geng hao de shou fei fu wu bao zheng, cu jin ke xue jian kang de chan ye. kang fa zhan. tui jin guo jia ji fei ji chu she shi xin xi fu wu ping tai he guo jia xin neng yuan qi che jian guan ping tai de xie tiao fa zhan. yan jiu jian li shu ju gong xiang ji zhi, shi xian xin neng yuan qi che chong dian de ke zhui su guan li, shi xian chong dian xing wei shu ju de ke zhui su jie neng jian pai shu ju de ji suan dui xin xi shu ju de tong ji. tui jin guo jia xin xi ping tai yu zhong dian cheng shi xin xi ping tai he qi ye ping tai de hu lian, zhu bu xing cheng shou fei she shi xin xi fu wu wang luo. ge shou fei she shi yun ying qi ye yao ti gao xin xi hua shui ping, wei yong hu ti gong shou fei fu wu xin xi, zhun que ti gong shou fei she shi zhuang tai xin xi, jia qiang zhi fu jie suan yun ying wei hu de xin xi guan li she bei chong dian an quan. gu li qi che qi ye you hua xin neng yuan qi che yun xing jian kong ping tai, bing yu chong dian she shi yun xing lv xing she deng qi ye shi xian xin xi hu lian hu tong. 6 wan shan shou fei she shi biao zhun ti xi, jin xing biao zhun di ding ceng she ji he xi tong gui hua, fa hui biao zhun ji shu zai yin dao he gui fan shou fei she shi shi chang cu jin xin neng yuan de xie tiao tong yi zhong de zuo yong. Y che liang ji chong dian she shi hang ye biao zhun. jia kuai chong dian biao zhun hua jin cheng, jian li you xiao de guo jia biao zhun hang ye biao zhun ji tuan biao zhun pei tao chong dian biao zhun ti xi, man zu chong dian ji shu fa zhan de xu yao. sui zhe xin ji shu xin ji shu xin cai liao de fa zhan, dao dian chong dian he wu xian chong dian de biao zhun ti xi bu duan wan shan. ti gao chan pin zhi liang yao qiu, wan shan chong dian she shi guan jian bu jian cai liao he gong yi zu de biao zhun, zhi ding gao wen gao shi yan hai di qu he di wen han leng di qu chong dian she shi de bao hu biao zhun. zhi ding ke che da gong lv chong dian ji shu biao zhun, kai zhan ke che da gong lv chong dian ji shu de yan jiu kai fa ji biao zhun qian qi yan jiu gong zuo, zhi ding ke che wu xian chong dian hu cao zuo xing biao zhun, kai zhan shi yan yan jiu gong zuo. F wu xian chong dian hu cao zuo xing, bing yan jiu jiao liu da dian liu chong dian biao zhun. ben wen yan jiu le dian dong qi che chong dian she shi yu dian wang xiang hu zuo yong de biao zhun ti xi, jie he you xu chong dian chong dian xu qiu ce guan li he wei dian wang chong fang dian shi fan, jia kuai le dian wang xiang hu zuo yong biao zhun di zhi ding. shi dian xiang mu. ji xu kai zhan shou fei hu cao zuo xing ce shi huo dong, ti gao xiang guan shi yan shi de ce shi neng li. jia qiang chong dian xin xi an quan biao zhun jian she, wan shan chong dian she shi he xin neng yuan qi che chong dian xin xi an quan jian ce ping jia biao zhun. wan shan hu lian biao zhun, zhi ding ji fei she shi ji fei fu wu ping tai ji fei fu wu ping tai che liang ping tai tong xin xie yi biao zhun, man zu guo jia he shi ji xin xi ping tai jian she de xu yao, yi ji ge ren zhuang gong xiang ji cha ji yong deng. qiang lie de shang ye xu qiu. ji ji kai zhan dian dong qi che chong dian she shi de guo ji biao zhun hua gong zuo, can yu zhi ding guo ji chong dian biao zhun. cu jin wo guo shou fei biao zhun di guo ji hua, ti gao zhong guo zai guo ji biao zhun zhong de di wei, cu jin fu wu ye qi ye zou chu qu. 4. bao zhang cuo shi: 1 ji ji gu li shang ye mo shi chuang xin, jin yi bu jia da dui shou fei she shi yun ying mo shi chuang xin de zhi chi. gu li gong si zhuan yong chong dian fu wu ling yu shang ye mo shi de chuang xin, jian li shang ye mo shi de chuang xin shi fan xiang mu, wei dian dong qi che shi yong ti gong geng hao de chong dian fu wu jing yan he quan mian di zeng zhi fu wu. yi cu jin jian kang ke chi xu de shang ye sheng tai huan jing de xing cheng. gu li che liang shou fei she shi yun ying fu wu lv xing she deng qi ye he zuo, cu jin shou fei fu wu de zhuan ye fa zhan. tong guo jian zhu zhuang dian li shi chang ting che wei jing ying che liang zu lin guang gao fu wu da shu ju ying yong dian dong qi che chong fang dian deng duo zhong fang shi zeng jia jing ying shou ru. tan suo dian dong qi che xiao shou zu lin wei xiu deng fu wu shi chang, tan suo gong jiao che zu lin wei sheng wu liu fen shi zu lin lian wang gong xiang tong qin lv you ba shi deng te shu shou fei ling yu de chuang xin jing ying mo shi. gu li shou fei zhan yu shang ye di chan xiang jie he de fa zhan mo shi, ti gao shang chang chao shi dian ying yuan bian li dian lv you jing dian deng gong gong qu yu de shou fei fu wu shui ping. er ji xu jia da zheng ce fu chi li du, xie tiao you guan bu men gong zuo, xi tong di jie jue gong cheng jian she yong di yong dian fen pei jian she chu bei ran you che zhan yong jing ying li run nan deng gong tong wen ti. gu li di fang zheng fu chong fen fa hui" shi wu" zhong yang cai zheng shou fei ji chu she shi jiang cheng zheng ce de zuo yong, cu jin quan che hang ye yu shou fei she shi jian she yun ying hang ye de he zuo, diao dong she hui zi ben. re chen, bing wei si ren yong hu ti gong da zhuang chong dian bao hu. yin dao di fang cai zheng bu tie cong bu chong xing cai gou xiang bu chong xing jing ying zhuan bian, zhu bu zhuan bian di fang cai zheng bu tie yi zhi chi shou fei ji chu she shi jian she he yun ying xin neng yuan qi che shi yong yun ying deng huan jie. zhi chi cai yong" hu lian wang" deng fang shi, jia qiang dui bu tie xing shou fei she shi shi hou ping gu de jian du, que bao xiang guan shou fei she shi fu he guo jia xiang guan biao zhun, fa hui shi ji zuo yong. dian wang gong si ying dang an zhao gui ding shi shi xian xing de you hui guan shui zheng ce. you tiao jian de shou fei she shi tong guo an zhuang jiao yan biao, ke yi man zu dian fei kou chu de xu qiu, cu jin dian jia biao zhun hua he gong ping jing zheng. jia qiang gao feng gu dian jia de shi shi, yin dao shou fei ji chu she shi can yu diao feng tian gu, jiang di yong dian cheng ben. zhi neng dian wang he zhi neng wang luo qi che ji shu bei yong lai gu li xin neng yuan qi che ti gong chu neng fu wu, bing tong guo feng gu cha huo de xiao yi. zhi dao he gu li fa zhan shou fei she shi cai chan bao xian he chan pin ze ren bao xian, bao hu xiao fei zhe de quan yi. jia qiang ji shu chu bei, kai zhan dian dong qi che chong fang dian shi dian gong cheng, tan suo fen bu shi fa dian chu neng yu dian dong qi che chong fang dian ji shu de jie he, cu jin qing jie neng yuan xi shou. 3 chong fen fa hui hang ye xie hui de zuo yong, chong fen fa hui zhong guo ji fei lian meng deng hang ye zu zhi de zuo yong, ji ji tui dong ji fei she shi chan ye xiang gui mo hua biao zhun hua he duo yuan hua fang xiang fa zhan, cu jin chuang xin. ti gao zhi liang he xiao lv. tong guo zi yuan chan pin jian ce ren zheng hang ye bai ming dan zhi ding deng gong zuo, pei he zheng fu bu men yan ge kong zhi chan pin zhun ru he shi hou jian du, zhi dao chong dian ji shu jin bu, ti gao chong dian she shi de zhi liang he fu wu shui ping. jia qiang qi ye she hui ze ren he hang ye zi lv. tui jin guo jia ji fei ji chu she shi xin xi fu wu ping tai jian she, jia kuai yu quan guo xin neng yuan qi che jian guan ping tai de xin xi hu lian. chen he qun, mei ri jing ji xin wen zong he kai fa gai ge wei yuan hui wang zhan zhu bian guan cha wang fu ze ren

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